which were designed according to renewable energy systems on the top of the
buildings that achieved approximately zero energy to supply (Ibrahim, 2010).
one of the Masdar city’s aim to be the premier mainstay
of the world feature of the technology researchers for getting sustainable
environment and stand by energies (Sanseverino
et al, 2017).
The two mentioned samples of the smart cities in two different
developing countries are clarified the large differences, that causes from good planning strategies in Masdar city and the
lack of planning with concepts in Egyptian smart cities.
it is indicated before, a review study will contain smart cities to developed
countries such as cities in the northern European countries, which are involved
with sustainability, fewer impacts on the
environment, quality urban spaces,
altitude life fineness and etc.
The developed countries that have
smart cities are ranked according to many ingredients tools and factors. And
the most important factors ( government, economy, intelligent population,
mobility, living, and sustainable environment). According to these sustainable
ranks, Stockholm city, Amsterdam city,
Copenhagen city are the first three smart cities in northern Europe (Gern et al,
Amsterdam city has a trenchant smart city, it is the senior city in the Netherlands with approximately 1,450,000
population. In 2009, Amsterdam city’s smart agenda started to achieve some long-term objectives, by implementing special
strategies for a new infrastructure supported by new kinds of services and
products such as “intelligent energy networks, fibre
to the home and open date” (Gern et al,
2017, p.56). To state the matter differently, this means intelligent power,
data, and network communications. These major infrastructures are permitted for
realizing more invention, minimal traffic, effective health care, and more
services accessibility, and sustain energy (Gern et al, 2017). The substation factor of succession ASC project (Amsterdam Smart City) is the citizen’s management
participations that lead to advising objectives dependability, involvement for long-term and guaranteed unfolded date (Gern et al,2017).
The ASC project is achieved by applying the smart cities principles
-Smart buildings by the constitution of ceramic fuel cells technology
plants to produce electricity which buildings need. Also, the architectural designs of the buildings depend on the
sustainability standards and principles of energy savings. This provides controlling network sensors to control
the lightning, cooling, heating, security
of the buildings with less human monitoring (Gern et al, 2017).
are one of the ASC projects that clearly explain how the buildings planning
process affect the city which is achieved
by saving land in vertical directions, as a result, increasing the public zones
and green spaces (Gern et al, 2017).
Also, it characterizes the transportation systems to decrease the pollution and
the streets became a huge amazing feature and adding more pedestrian paths and
bike lanes. The projects also depend on the orientation of the building to save
more energy for cooling and heating systems. Also,
there are different neighbourhoods that
depend on the sustainable architectural designs that contain orientation,
re-using the rainwater by collecting it
and filtering the water. The buildings are designed according to sustainable
norms. Further, reutilizing the building materials are also used and its
produced from destruction existing constructions to reduce the waste of
premises and to get in the trash heap.