George by O’Brien. Interestingly, O’Brien was Winston’s

George Orwell’s 1984, is a novel set in a totalitarian world comprising of three major superpowers; Eastasia, Eurasia, and Oceania, which the author uses in depth to describe the violations of basic human rights that take place in the novel.Appropriate to a totalitarian political system there is one Party in Oceania, in complete control of the ruling oligarchy. In the novel the author shows his readers the new depths to which The Party has taken its atrocities of basic human rights. More importantly, the concept of privacy, which in society today, is expected of any free and fair society, is completely abolished in Oceania. Every citizen is under the surveillance of the telescreen, making it impossible for citizens to even attempt at undermining the power of The Party through subversive activities. The telescreen is also The Party’s way to control the thoughts and actions of the citizens, keeping them in complete control. Big Brother, which can be seen as a clear reference to today’s government, is the despotic head of The Party. “You must love Big Brother. It is not enough to obey him; you must love him”.Orwell organizes the novel into three main subdivisions. The first section is dedicated to depicting the atrocities and violations in the totalitarian society. Winston Smith, the lead character, develops thoughts of a free world, which is anathema to The Party, in this section. The next part of the book narrates the development of Winston’s love for character Julia. However, their union does not last long, curtesy of an expose to The Party by O’Brien. Interestingly, O’Brien was Winston’s one hope of being someone wanting freedom and having unorthodox thoughts too. But all this is an illusion, as O’Brien betrays the couple. The final part is Winston’s reconciliation with the fact that The Party and Big Brother are invincible. After enduring some torture, Winston finally comes to love Big Brother.The plot was built around this character in order to focus on the response that it stirs in him to combat the inhumane forces of the Party system. The lack of individuality among the citizens of Oceania is illustrated at the start of a chant, or “hymn to the wisdom and majesty of Big Brother”.  While such an absolutely dominant one party state today is not seen, lesser formed power structures owe their political power from mass propaganda. The book is an educative device for both citizens and policy makers in modern democracies. Lastly, Orwell’s division is a further suggestion that 1984 is as much a work of fact as it is of fiction, hence making it highly relevant to the world of today.