Review factors influenced the students when they


Review of Related Literature

chapter will review all the details that have a various aspects and factors in
choosing career goals that provides the foundation and justification in our research
problem that would help to determine the topic in inquiry. The body of
literature available for review encompassed many volumes. Therefore, this
review of the literature focused on 1. What factors influenced the students
when they made the decision to pursue a particular career goal? and 2. Is the
K-12 curriculum would help the students to make a decision for preparing
college course?

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Environment Factors

            Environment plays a significant role
in the career position the student attains in many ways. Throughout a career,
an individual seeks to accommodate the environment with one’s goals, while at
the same time being incorporated into the environment (Kroll, Dinklage, Lee, Morley,
& Wilson, 1970). The first factors are Environmental Factors, according to Onayase
and Onayase (2009) they suggested an investigation into environmental factors
such as family background, school environment, religious institutions and peer
group barkada’s and their influence
on students’ choice of career. Of the five career development stages identified
by Greenhaus and Callanan (1994), occupational choice is perhaps one of those
most influenced by family concerns, both present and anticipated. According to Beauregard
(2007) there are family influences on the career life cycle of students. Firstly,
the Impact of work-family values on career choice, values can be described as
general evaluative standards that serve to influence an individual’s behaviour
so as to reach a desired end state (Rokeach, 1979). Values refer to stable life
goals that people have, reflecting what is most important to them. Values are
established throughout one’s life as a result of the accumulating life
experiences and tend to be relatively stable (Lusk & Oliver, 1974; Rokeach,
1973). The values that are important to people tend to affect the types of
decisions they make, how they perceive their environment, and their actual
behaviors. Moreover, people are more likely to accept job offers when the
company possesses the values people care about (Judge & Bretz, 1992; Ravlin
& Meglino, 1987). Value attainment is one reason why people stay in a
company, and when an organization does not help them attain their values, they
are more likely to decide to leave if they are dissatisfied with the job itself
(George & Jones, 1996). According to Rokeach, values are arranged in hierarchical
fashion. In other words, an accurate way of assessing someone’s values is to
ask them to rank the 36 values in order of importance. By comparing these
values, people develop a sense of which value can be sacrificed to achieve the
other, and the individual priority of each value emerges. Secondly, the impact
of family of origin on career choice, values and attitudes related to the
balancing of work and family are influenced by a number of factors, including
the family of origin and exposure to trends in the labour force. Over the last
two or three decades, an increasing number of mothers have taken on paid
employment (Duffield, 2002). These work-family attitudes show evidence of being
influenced by factors related to the family of origin. High school students,
who expressed positive attitudes toward a traditional family structure, with a
homemaker mother and an employed father, were more likely to have grown up in
such a family themselves (Sanders et al., 1998).