Topic: the top ten state that had

Topic:
Outdated and complex immigration law  
Name: Tzu-Jung Tseng

Introduction

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It
has always been complicated for foreigners that wanted to immigrate to the
United States with a complex immigration law. Not only that this complicated
system is outdated but also it hasn’t been mainly reformed since the
Immigration and Naturalization act passed in 1965. Even though in the Obama
campaign there is progress to reform the immigration law, there isn’t a major
change to the system that already exists. In addition, after Trump become the
president, his thoughts on limiting the immigration, especially building the
wall near the Mexican border, would only make the immigration laws be more
complicated as it may decrease more opportunities for foreigners to immigrate
to the United States of America.

This
could eventually affect the economy in America as one of the main problems is
that this could affect the workforce in the country. According to the article
written by Peri and McElmurry, they informed that the “analysts predict that
2.4 million STEM jobs could go unfilled in the United States by 2018.” In
addition, with the top ten state that had most F-1 visa student this lead to
$283 million in taxes. Thus, the outdated yet complex immigration law could be
a serious challenge to the federal government.

Background

    Most of the immigration act is documented
before the era that technology is the trend of the society. This includes
different forms of visas, different forms of immigration process and refugees
around the world. Moreover, there isn’t any action on the immigration law since
1986 before Obama makes moves in an easier way to hire foreign workers and
citizenship for undocumented citizens. Even though there is some progress of
fixing the outdated immigration law, but with Trump is the president of
America, things could go in a totally different direction. Different than what
Obama had done, which provide more opportunities to foreigners to strive for a
living in America, Trump is increasing the barrier of foreigners to immigrate
to America as he restricts legal immigration, including the wall he plans to
build in San Diego next to the Mexican border. According to the article written
by Lochhead, she said that the Trump administration wants to eliminate to visa,
which is a huge damage to international students and people want to work
overseas in America. 

    What Trump’s government trying to achieve
now reflects Peri’s and McElmurry’s article that if Trump bans all of the visas
and block the immigration this would lead to a huge loss of international
talent for industries in America. Despite that this is the ultimate goal of
Trump, it will lead to a huge damage to the economy inevitably. Furthermore,
there is an issue now that challenges the federal government as they deal with
immigration problems.

Underlying
Causes

    Besides the contrasting ideas from the
different presidents making a challenge for the federal government, there is
one more reason that immigration law has been an issue in America. Over the
past three days, the federal government has shut down for the first time since
the October of 2013. One of the reasons that cause the shutdown would be the
immigration laws. Recently, the Federal government has been dealing with border
security issues, including the DACA program that was established by President
Obama. The DACA program, known as deferred action for childhood arrivals, is a
program established in 2012 to provide the permission to live inside of America
and have the right to work. With this program established it protects people
that are undocumented immigrants when they arrived when they were young and
provide benefits just us American citizens. However, president Trump decides to
eliminate this program and it is a challenge to the federal government as they
try to pave the way to a solution for this issue.

    This is also an effect caused by Trump’s
ideas towards immigration as he eyes on to eradicate to immigration
opportunities for foreigners. With the DACA officially ends in March, over
800,000 of people protected under this program will lose the benefits they have
received after their two-year renewable status is no longer in use. With those
issues all relevant to immigration issues, it would only become serious if
Trump decides to eradicate all the immigration opportunities in his term of
presidency.

Policy
Options

    The
federal government needs to come up with solutions to fix the immigration law
and a plan to protect the DACA citizens. With Trump’s goal is to limit
immigration, it would be hard to solve the problem as limiting visas and
immigration would not only hurt the economy but also led to a loss of
competition with other countries around the world. First, the government should
come up with a plan similar to the DACA to protect more than 800,000 people
under that program. But since Trump is unwilling to keep this program, the
Federal Government could try to provide opportunities to keep them safe after
March.

Second,
the government should try to avoid travel ban for more countries around the
world in the future. With the executive order 13769 passed in March 2017, it
has banned few of the African and middle east countries to visit America even
though they are green card holders. This policy passed is because of Trump’s
concern of terrorist attack are mostly originated from the Muslim countries.
However, it may become a worldwide issue as Trump may issue future travel bans.
Last, we should start reforms on the outdated immigration laws as we try to
keep some of the policies simple as possible.

Solution

    In the three possible solutions that could
solve some immigration issue, I would choose to focus on the second one as try
to not to limit more future travel bans. Just as what Peri and McElmurry said
their article that “The United States is becoming a net exporter of global
talent.” With the travel ban limiting citizens in those countries visiting
America for four months, this could serve as a deficit to the economy as if
future travel ban exists, it would lead to major issues including affecting the
public universities, education, and corporation wants talent from foreign
countries. Both Peri and McElmurry suggests that the government should make
reforms and fix the outdated immigration law to provide opportunities for
international students. In addition, out of a survey of 40,000 students around
the world, there is sixty percent of the students implied that they wouldn’t
want to study in the states while Trump was the president. Overall, it would be
a progress if Trump doesn’t allow more travel bans and eliminate visas in the
future. Even though the immigration issue is considered long-termed as we still
stuck with the outdated immigration law, but at least it would say United
States as “A net exporter of global talent.” 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Works Cited